* Local History Facts are Highlighted in red
- McKinley was assassinated. Theodore Roosevelt became President.
1902 - Harry (Bucky) Lew
of Lowell made history by being the first African American
to break the color line in professional basketball.
1902 - Reverend William
H. H. Rousseau founded an African Methodist Episcopal Zion
Church in Lowell.
1902 - Reports stated that
there were 200 to 300 African Americans living in the Lowell
1903 - W.E.B. DuBois, the
most influential spokesman for African American civil rights
from the late nineteenth century, wrote The Souls of Black
Folk, a part autobiographical account of the African American
experience in the United States. DuBois was later editor of
The Crisis, a periodical published by the National Association
for the Advancement of Colored People.
1905 - Reverend Charles
Randolph Uncles, the first African American Catholic priest
in the U.S., visited Lowell.
1909 - Matthew Henson was
the first man to walk on the North Pole. Robert E. Peary could
hardly walk because of frostbite and illness. Henson returned
to carry him to the North Pole. When Matthew Henson planted
the flag of the United States at the North Pole, he was following
in the path of many African American explorers and adventurers
before him, most of whom have remained anonymous to history
because their stories were never written.
1912 - Theresa Lew graduated
from Lowell High as Salutatorian and Carney Medal winner and
went on to teach geography and English at the Bartlett School
for 25 years.
1914 - Fred Faulcon organized
the integrated Boy Scout Troop 7 with himself as Scoutmaster.
1915 - Carter G. Woodson
created a framework for studying African American history.
He founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and
History to train black historians to collect, preserve, and
publish documents on African Americans.
1918 - African American
troops fought in segregated units during World War I. The
famous 369th Regiment served in active combat as a unit longer
than any other American unit in battle. The Germans called
them the (Hell Fighters.)
The first major migration of African Americans
from the South to the North began.
1918 - The National Association
for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) formed a local
chapter led by Harold M. Wingood.
1920 - The Ku Klux Klan
was revived in the 1920s after a long period of inactivity.
The Klan, which had more than two million adherents at the
height of its popularity in the 1920s, often adopted vigilante
tactics to underscore its anti-Catholic, anti-Jewish, anti-black
The 19th Amendment gave women the right to
1920 - The United States
Census found just over 100 African Americans living in Lowell.
1925 - A. Phillip Randolph
organized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters.
John Scopes went on trial for teaching evolution.
1927 - Lindbergh crossed
the Atlantic. Henry Ford introduced the Model A car.
1928 - Fred Faulcon was
ordained minister of the African Methodist Episcopalian Church
of Nashua, New Hampshire.
1930 - The United States
Census finds just fewer than 100 African Americans living
1937 - Joe Lewis won the
world heavyweight boxing title.
Mary Mcleod Bethune was the only woman and
African American in the unofficial (shadow cabinet) set up
by Franklin D. Roosevelt.
1938 - Charles Hamilton
Houston's court victories proved “discrimination in
education is symbolic of all the more drastic discriminations
which Negroes suffer in American life.” His three Supreme
Court cases provided the ammunition to topple Plessy v. Ferguson
and its prescription for “separate but equal”
1938 - African Methodist
Episcopal Church opened on Kinsman Street in the Flats neighborhood
1941-1945 - World War II
began with the attack on Pearl Harbor. The U.S. Army Air Force
opened a segregated training center for African American pilots
at Tuskegee, Alabama. Nicknamed the - Lonely Eagles, - the
Tuskegee Airmen overcame the “separate but equal”
conditions sanctioned by the United States Army to become
one of the most highly respected and honored fighter groups.
Atomic bombs dropped on Japan. World War
1942 - Racial fighting occurred
at the Commodore Ballroom between white servicemen and black
members of Count Basie's Orchestra.
1942 - Reverend J.S. Mitchell,
African American pastor from the Third Baptist Church in Lawrence,
was invited to speak at the First United Baptist Church in
1946 - Samuel Crayton restarted
the NAACP with several of Lowell/s long-time black families
including the Lamberts, the Whites, the Taliaferros, the Finnegans,
and the Wingoods.
1947 - Jackie Robinson became
the first African American to play in major league baseball.
He played for the Brooklyn Dodgers. He also played in the
Black Baseball League until 1945 when he was assigned to the
Montreal Royals so that he could be groomed for the major